Justin Holland (1819 – 1887) was an American guitarist, composer, and teacher.
Justin Holland was born in 1819 to free black parents in Virginia, where he first showed musical passion and skill. However, his parents died when he was only 14 years old. So in 1833 he moved to Boston, a musical center at the time. There he heard Mariano Perez perform a concert on the guitar. He was instantly drawn in to the possibilities of the instrument. While in Boston, Holland studied guitar, learned to play the flute, and began teaching.
A few years later, Holland attended college at Oberlin beginning in 1841. After his time at Oberlin, Holland became a teacher in high demand in Cleveland. In addition, he began to publish his first arrangements in 1848. Holland’s arrangements of songs and popular opera themes would total more than 300.
Along with Holland’s many musical contributions, he worked as an activist among black leaders. In 1848, he worked alongside Frederick Douglass in the Colored National Convention. As an activist, he was able to help many slaves escape slavery through the Underground Railroad.
In 1876, Holland learned of a brain illness that eventually led to his death in 1887.
To learn much more about Justin Holland, please watch this insightful interview with guitarist and friend of CGC, Chris Mallet.
Justin Holland’s Methods for Guitar
Holland composed two method books, in 1874 and 1876 respectively. These were influential on many American guitarists for generations to come. While many of Holland’s compositions have been lost, these methods are invaluable resources for American guitar pedagogy. We do have many of his arrangements, however: go here to see the collection Cal State University Northridge has gathered of Holland’s many arrangements and popular folk songs.
Learn more about Holland in our Justin Holland Composer Showcase here.
Justin Holland: Guitar Works and Arrangements
Christopher Mallett, guitar
Guitarist and friend of CGC, Christopher Mallett, has just recorded a full album of Justin Holland’s Complete Guitar Works and Arrangements for the American Classics series on Naxos Records. Check out a sample of the song “Home, Sweet Home” from this wonderful recording. The full album is available at Spotify, Apple Music, Deezer, and Amazon. Go here to purchase a copy.
Sheet Music (original)
An Andante with Variation in C Major:
An Andante with Variation in C Major (PDF download)
Sheet Music (arrangements)
The Dearest Spot of Earth (PDF download)
Home Sweet Home (PDF download)
Carnival of Venice (PDF download)
Tis the Last Rose of Summer (PDF download)
Sweet Memories of Thee (PDF download)
Shells of Ocean (PDF download)
The Guards Waltz (PDF download)
Websters Funeral March (PDF download)
Peek-a-boo Waltz (PDF download)
Oberon by Carl Maria von Weber (PDF download)
The Barber of Seville by Rossini (PDF download)
Il Trovatore by Verdi (PDF download)
Norma by Bellini (PDF download)
La Favorita by Donizetti (PDF download)
Faust Waltz by Gounod (PDF download)