Rhythm is one of most essential elements of music (together with pitch, melody, harmony, and timbre). It organizes the various pitches in our music and thus helps us follow along through time. In a technical (and perhaps simpler) sense, rhythm tells us how long each pitch lasts.
And there are different kinds of rhythms, which we call notes. At the most basic level we will deal with the following kinds of notes, or rhythms:
- Whole note
- Half note
- Dotted quarter note
- Quarter note
- Eighth note
- Sixteenth note
But in a more general sense, rhythm is an umbrella term (like “pitch”) that includes within it the concepts of beat, subdivision, meter, time signature, tempo, syncopation, and more.